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This is the first modern English translation of the memoirs of an important French revolutionary figure who wrote them in 1793 while awaiting execution by the Jacobin controlled government Approximately half of the pages concern the author's upbringing in a Parisian bourgeois family and her marriage to the bureaucrat Jean Marie Roland de la Platiere; the remainder discusses the period from 1789 to 1793 when she and her husband were leaders of the Girondin party Madame Roland was devoted to her spouse and always gave him full credit for work in which she was a full partner including the inspection of manufacturers under the Old Regime and the post of minister of the interior during parts of 1792 and 1793 Her memoirs provide glimpses into the daily life of the period and sharp portraits of several revolutionary leaders  Library Journal 1992


10 thoughts on “Mémoires de Madame Roland

  1. says:

    La libertad ¡No está hecha para esta nación corrompida ue tan sólo ha abandonado el lecho del desenfreno o el fango de la miseria para embrutecerse en el vicio y rugir mientras se revuelca en la sangre ue mana de los patíbulosPor pura coincidencia leí este libro al azar ue justamente descubro luego de haber leído María Antonieta Por lo tanto ambos me han ilustrado más sobre la revolución francesa pero mientras el primero es una biografía de la reina ue cayó en desgracia durante la revolución la segunda nos cuenta pues los pensamientos autobiográficos de Madame Roland nombre de pila; Jeanne Marie Phlipon una burguesa del partido Girondino osea ue se encontraba en el otro lado digamos de la historiaMadame Roland cuenta sobre todo sus años infantiles y juveniles pasados al lado de su familia y con diferentes personajes ue la ayudaron en su educación Me gustó mucho el tema de la lectura y los hábitos culturales ue ella cultivó desde muy peueña realmente era una mujer muy diferente al resto en su época Leyó una cantidad impresionante de obras clásicas y ella menciona a autores tan diversos como San Agustín Plutarco Rousseau Corneille Racine Boyer Raynal Metastasio Calignac y un largo etcétera ue jamás acabaría de mencionarlo A ella le gustaba dice atesorar conocimientos para ampliar su bagaje sobre eso dice ella misma Cuando yo sea madre utilizaré todo lo aprendido; entonces ya no podré estudiar Estamos entonces ante una mujer de su tiempo atada por las convenciones sociales ue la obligaban casi a casarse muy joven y seguir una vida como la de las mujeres de la época pero aún así existe en ella una rebeldía y un conocimiento de ue estaba hecha para mayores retos y en eso empatizé bastante uno nunca sabe así como en la vida cuándo llegarán las oportunidades pero mejor es estar siempre listo para lo ue pueda venir A pesar de esa carga enorme de la sociedad europea del siglo XVIII ella en su niñez y adolescencia en su cuarto en las diversas bibliotecas ue visitaba como un segundo hogar en la biblioteca de un sacerdote conocido siempre encontraba un placer para la lectura ue la hacía tener cada vez más ideasEso me parece admirable y le ayudó al destino ue tuvo aunue estas memorias no nos cuentan mucho sobre esta época digamos pública de Madame Roland porue ya no le permitió su destino continuar escribiendo estas memorias ue dicho sea de paso obviamente cargan los errores naturales de ser escritas en prisión y bajo una carga de ansiedad importante Por ello puede adolecer de falta de estructura orden y frases del todo bien construidas Otro punto negativo también fue por supuesto un aire de superioridad y un poco de vanidad al relatar sus episodios amorosos o la fascinación ue ejercía sobre las demás personasEs un testimonio invalorable de una persona pública mujer de pueblo pero burguesa ue estuvo al lado de la Revolución Francesa y nos permite conocer cómo vivían las mujeres en su tiempo


  2. says:

    Cet ouvrage contient la collation de plusieurs mémoires rédigés par Madame Roland une parisienne de la fin du XVIIIè siècle mariée un ministre de l'intérieur lors de la fin de la royauté et personnage actif de la Révolution Française La plupart ont été écrit alors ue le pays est en guerre tant à l'extérieur u'à l'intérieur et ue les factions politiues républicaines se déchirent Madame Roland fut en effet emprisonnée et finalement exécutée sous la TerreurLes sujets abordés sont très variés il y a de la pure autobiographie pendant lauelle elle raconte sa jeunesse ses études ses rapports avec ses parents ses premières aventures avec le sexe fort On trouve également des portraits des personnages politiues importants de l'époue u'elle a fréuenté des allusions à l'enchainement des évènements suivant son propre point de vue Il y a enfin la description soigneuse de ses lectures de sa bibliothèue de l'effet u'elles eurent sur ses opinions et ses convictions C'est l'une des parties ui m'a le plus intéressé d'autant ue nous avons beaucoup de lectures et de goûts en communC'est une lecture à la fois passionnantes et poignantes compte tenu des circonstances pendant lesuelles elles ont été écrites L'ouvrage est accompagné d'un important appareil critiue ui permet de faire la part des choses dans les allégations de Mme Roland lauelle les présente sous un jour favorable pour elle et son mari et très défavorables pour leurs adversaires politiues sans donner forcément tous les éléments


  3. says:

    Mme Roland was a very independent woman for her time She was a child prodigy who read countless ancient Roman and Greek books and was keen to discuss them in her circleEventually however the young woman decided she would have to marry as her widowed father had recently suandered their modest fortune She decided to accept the offer of marriage from the 40 year old Roland as she believed that a man of his mature years would have no interest in the physical side of a relationship her wedding night revealed that she had been wrong in this assumptionMme Roland had been put off sex by an assault made on her in her early teens by an apprentice in her father's workshop which she outraged readers of the time by detailing in her memoir At the start of the Revolution Roland was persuaded to move to Paris by his ambitious young wife He uickly became popular with the movers and shakers of the time and was made a minister in Louis XVI's final cabinet just before his depositionMme Roland used to host supper parties for the ministers of the time and would sit meekly in a chair tucked in a corner head down docilely doing her embroidery work while the men discussed current affairs As a woman Mme Roland could not participate but once they had gone she came into her own Then it was her turn to comment on everything that had been said Everyone knew that she was the power behind her husband's throne and in this case unlike that of Marie Antoinette the gossips had it rightAfter Louis' deposition Roland became Minister of the Interior but as the Revolution became increasingly violent he was one of those who bravely spoke out against the way things were going Eventually about a year after Louis' deposition an arrest warrant was issued for RolandRoland was informed by a friend of this arrest warrant and fled His wife was advised to flee too but disdained to do so When the mob came to arrest her husband and found he had gone they decided to arrest Mme Roland instead for the hell of it Besides her outspoken comments on the progress of the Revolution had earned her plenty of enemiesMme Roland proudly argued her case when she came up before the Revolutionary Tribunal but to no avail she was guillotinedBut in the months she had been in prison this brave icon of a woman wrote her memoirs that is why we can read them now After her execution her devastated husband blamed himself for her death and committed suicideMme Roland was also known for detailing how the upper roomsattics of Versailles Palace stank like a lavatory there were no flush toilets after allIn addition she made very cruel belittling comments about her teenage daughter She was disappointed in her daughter and announced in her memoir that her daughter was not very bright and obviously took after her father's side She added that her daughter wouldn't even be bothered about who was looking after her a friend would do just as well as herself because she was not perceptive enough to know what she had lost by the death of her mother Ouch


  4. says:

    Kitabın ingilizcesi çok zorladı bu sebeple yarım bırakmak zorunda kaldım yoksa 1 ayda zorbitireceğim ve o kadar sabırlı bir insan değilim ne yazık kiOkuduğum kısma kadar olan bölümü yorumlarsam Madame Roland Fransız Devrimi esnasında kurulan Jironden adlı bir grubun gizli başkanıdır Cumhuriyetçi ve demoktarik devrimcilerfakat dış ülkelere karşı vatansever bir politikayı savunuyorlar Krala kendi üyelerinden oluşan bir bakanlar kurulu kurdurtmayı bile başarıyorlar Devrimden sonra Cumhuriyetkurulduğunda bu rejimi korumaya ve sürdürmeye uğraşıyorlar Bu sebeple kargaşayı sürdür mek isteyen halk tarafından onaylanmamaya başlanıyorlar Çünkü halka göre daha eğitimlibir grup Bu sebeple yeni kurulan düzende birden bire muhafazakarlıkla suçlanıyorlar Devrimin canlı tutulmasını isteyen grup tarafından halk düşmanı ilan ediliyorlar Kralınkurduğu bakanlar kurulunda Madame Roland'ın kocası da yer alıyor ve bu ilandan sonraülkeden kaçmak durumunda kalıyor Kocası kaçınca Madame Roland tutuklanıyorBu kitap hapishanedeyken kendi elleriyle yazdığı anılardan oluşuyor Taa küçüklüğündenbaşlayıp yaşadıklarını ve hayatına giren insanları bir bir anlatıyorÇocukluğunda o kadar inatçı bir kızmış ki annesi tavırlarının durulması için doktorun tavsiye ettiği bir ilacı içmesini isteyince içmemek için inat ediyor Bunu gören babasıceza için onu kırbaçlıyor İlacı içmek yerine 3 defa kırbaçlanmaya razı oluyor Dahasonra çektiği acı yüzünden değil de annesi ağladığı için içmeyi kabul ediyorÖzel öğretmenler tarafından eğitiliyor ve 11 yaşında manastıra gitmeye karar veriyorHer küçük çocuğun o yaşlarda din tarafından nasıl büyülendiğini ve korkutulduğunu anla tıyor Dua okunurken İncil'ini değil de romantik kitabını götürdüğü bölümde çok güldümCharlotte Corday ile tanışması manastırdan ayrıldıktan sonra gerçekleşiyor Jirondengrubunun toplantılarını Madame Roland'ın evinde gerçekleştiriyorlar İlk başlarda pek konuşkan bir kadın olmasa da daha sonraları erkeklerle girdiği büyük tartışmalarlaisminden söz ettirmeye başlıyorMaalesef ki Madame Roland idam ediliyor Giyotin ile son veriyorlar yaşamına KeşkeTürkçe'si olsaydı da tamamen okuyabilseydim ama yok maalesef Kimse de çevirmez herhalde Tarihten önemli bir kişiliği tanımış oldum yine de Tamamını okuyamadığım için4 yıldız veriyorum


  5. says:

    This is a very hard book to read when one is aware at all times that it was written by a living breathing woman who knew she was going to be guillotined and for what? For proving that a woman was as competent at the governmental level as a man She and Olympe de Gouges terrified the revolutionaries which in turn helped bring on Napoleon I always cry when I get to the part where she addresses her little daughter While it doesn't have the intellectual rigor of Boethius who also wrote from prison while awaiting execution it is a riveting look at rapidly and violently changing times as people tried for all kinds of reasons to summarily reinvent a culture


  6. says:

    Roland paints herself as an exemplary human being who along with her husband fell prey to the horrible Jacobins Whether or not this is true and the introduction does not uestion her virtue or her moral strength in anyway her conviction in being in the right her fortitude in the face of insult and her courage against the strength of her foes makes for remarkable reading and well warrants for her the epithet heroine of the Revolution As an aside while she makes a point of painting Danton and Robespierre in a horrible light she nevertheless acknowledges their talents and in the case of Robespierre his conviction She does however have a great deal of respect for Mirabeau and always mentions him in the most adoring way