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Frankenstein Or the Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley Ecrits par des professeurs d'anglais en Terminale L ces ouvrages ont pour but d'aider l'enseignant prparer son cours ; et peuvent aussi servir d'outil de travail en classe Tout en faisant le point sur l'auteur et l'arrire plan en gnral ils metten Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus de Mary Shelley Dcouvrez sur decitrefr Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus par Mary Shelley diteur Konemann Ellipsis Librairie Decitre Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus de Mary Shelley Dcouvrez sur decitrefr Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus par Mary Shelley Collection Penguin Classics Librairie Decitre Frankenstein or the modern prometheus Poche Mary Fnac Frankenstein or the modern prometheus Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley Reclam Philipp Livraison chez vous ou en magasin et % sur tous les livres Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Livre Frankenstein or The modern Prometheus by Mary Frankenstein or The modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley Informations; EAN ISBN diteur ELLIPSES Date de publication Collection L'ANGLAIS A L'O Dimensions x x cm Poids g Code dewey Fiches UNIMARC S'identifier Frankenstein or The modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley anglais LV de complment terminale L De Arlette Vesue Frankenstein or The modern Prometheus Mary Wollstonecraft Informations sur Frankenstein or The modern Prometheus de Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley et sur le rayon Poches littrature autres collections La Procure Bibliothues de la Ville de Paris Frankenstein or The Champ de saisie de la recherche saisissez les premires lettres de votre recherche et parcourez les propositions avec les flches de direction Mary Shelley – Frankenstein or the Modern Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus Chapter Lyrics It was on a dreary night of November that I beheld the accomplishment of my toils With an anxiety that almost amounted to agony I Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus Kindle The Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus Kindle The Modern Epub Frankenstein or PDF or or The Modern PDF En expdition vers le ple Nord Robert Walton adresse sa soeur des lettres o il voue l'trange spectacle dont il vient d'tre le tmoin depuis son bateau la dcouverte sur un iceberg d'un homme en perdition dans son traneau Invit monter bord Vic Frankenstein – Wikipedia Frankenstein engelsk originaltittel Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus er den britiske forfatteren Mary Shelleys debutroman som ble utgitt anonymt i Boka regnes som en av de tre store grsserromanene ved siden av Robert Louis Stevensons Dr Jekyll og Mr Hyde og Bram Stokers DraculaBoka handler om en vitenskapsmann doktor Victor Frankenstein som forsker skape et nytt


10 thoughts on “Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus

  1. says:

    My apologies but this review is going to be a bit frantic due to my brain being so oxygen starved by the novel’s breath stealing gorgeousness that I'm feeling a bit light headed So please forgive the random thoughtsFirst Mary ShelleyI love youSecond Dear Hollywood you lying dung pile of literature savaging no talent hacksyou got this all wrong Please learn to read and get yourself a copy of the source material before you FUBAR it again Third My heart shattered for the “monster” and I haven’t felt this strong a desire to “hug it out bitch” since reading Grendel and Crooked Letter Crooked Letter The “wretch” is so well drawn and powerfully portrayed that he form the emotional ligament for the entire story He is among the finest creations the written form has to offer Fourth As surprised as I am to be saying this this novel has ousted Dracula as my all time favorite of the classic horror storiessorry Bram but the goodevil sad desperate loneliness of the orphaned monster trying to find a purpose and to define himself in the world trumps The Count Five No one can conceive the variety of feelings which bore me onwards like a hurricane in the first enthusiasm of success Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds which I should first break through and pour a torrent of light into our dark world A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me No father could claim the gratitude of his child so completely as I should deserve theirs Pursuing these reflections I thought that if I could bestow animation upon lifeless matter I might in process of time although I now found it impossible renew life where death had apparently devoted the body to corruption As gorgeous as the prose is I thought it a crime not to include at least one uote Six The “non explanation” for the process that Victor uses to create the monster is thing of genius No other approach could have possibly conveyed the majesty and significance of the achievement because we would have known it was bullshit Shelley did it perfectlywhich leads me nicely intoSeven The corny slapdash lightning scene is entirely a work of Hollywood? There’s NOlightningscene? Are you kidding me? Even Kenneth Branagh’s supposedly “true” adaptation had electric eels providing power to the “it’s alive” process All of it bunk I’ll say it again Hollywood is a bunch of useless tools LIARSEight Speaking of tools Victor Frankenstein is a giant one As far as I am concerned he is clearly the villain of the piece However what I found so suee inducingly magical about Shelly’s writing was my degree of vacillation when it came to Victor’s character I liked and even admired Victor in the beginning of the story and found his personal journey compelling He was a genius driven by his desire to unlock the secrets of the universe and had that manic “mad scientist” focus necessary to the accomplishment of such a lofty goal However once the “birth” of the monster came I found myself waffling back and forth throughout the rest of the story Ironically his moment of success and his reaction to life he had conjured was when he began to lose his humanity in my eyes His treatment of the monster was abhorrent Despite this Shelley was able to get me to see over my disgust and appreciate Frankenstein’s position and understand why he was so unwilling to continence the existence of “the wretch” Not enough for me to forgive his lack of compassion but enough for me to see him as a tragic figure Huge propers for Shelley as that is excellent writing Nine I would place the monster among the finest literary creations of all time This singular manifestation of humanity’s scientific brilliance and callous indifference to the conseuences thereof is masterfully done Frankenstein’s “wretch” became the prototype of the literary outcast and every “misunderstood” creature since has been offspring from his loins His character profile is phenomenal and just as Victor’s actions garner sporadic moments of understanding for his cruel treatment of the monster so the monster’s wanton acts of vile cruelty severely test our compassion for him Tested bent and stretched but for me at least never broken I understood his painI understood his angerI understood Ten No spoilers here but the final resolution of the relationship between Victor and the child of his genius wasstellar Everything was reconciled and nothing was resolved The final reckoning occurs and it is both momentous and useless Eleven I expected the prose to be good but having never read Shelley before I was still surprised by how exceptional and ear pleasing it was Her writing really resonated with me and I loved her ability to weave emotion plot momentum and a high literary uotient seamlessly together Good good stuff Twelve The novel is structured as an epistolary nesting doll using the frame story of Captain Walton corresponding with his sister about his expedition to the North Pole While at the top of the world Walton finds Victor Frankenstein stranded This sets up the dovetail into Walton relaying Victor’s story which takes up the bulk of the novel and includes within it the incredibly poignant story of the “monster” in the creature’s own words It is superbly executed and I thought the framing device was very effective Thirteen Despite my trashing of the movie versions earlier there was one scene that I thought was handled far better on screen than in this story Kenneth Branagh’s portrayal of view spoiler the murder of Elizabeth by the monster hide spoiler


  2. says:

    SoI finished itWarningIf you are a fan of classic literature andor are utterly devoid of a sense of humor this review may not be for youAlsoYes I realize that I'm a moron with zero literary credibility So stop reading right now if the sound of an idiot whistling out of their asshole bothers you too terribly Sure you can comment below and tell me how stupid I am but it probably won't make me a better person Or will it? I've always wondered what the real Frankenstein story was likeand now I knowSadly sometimes the fantasy is better than the realityAnd the reality is this book is a big steaming pile of pooIt's an old timey horror story right?Not so muchI mean I wasn't expecting it to actually be scary but I thought it might be slightly creepy Unfortunately the only horror in the story centered around me having to keep turning the pagesUnless Beware mortal You will DIE of boredom Oooga Booga BoogaYep Truly frighteningIt starts like thisAn upper crust guy sails off to the Arctic to make discoveries and to pass the time he writes to his sister Supposedly he's been sailing around on whaling ships for several years And he's been proven an invaluable resource by other captains So I'm assuming he's a pretty crusty ol' sailor at this point Pay attention because this is where Shelly proves that she knows nothing about menSo this guy goes on and on in these letters to his sister about how he wishes on every star that he could find a BFF at sea After a few too many letters they pull a half frozen Frankensicle out of the water Aaaaand here's what our salty sea dog has to say about the waterlogged mad scientist Blah blah blahhis full toned voice swells in my ears; his lustrous eyes dwell on me with all their melancholy sweetnessblah blah blah Lustrous eyes? No straight sailor ever in the history of the world EVER referred to another dude's eyes as lustrous Ever And I know what you're thinking Well Anne maybe this character was gay Didn't think about that didja? Actually yes Yes I did The only problem with that theory is that NONE of the male characters in this book sounded remotely maleLadies do you remember that time in your life probably around middle or high school when you thought that guys actually had the same sort of thought waves running through their heads that we do? You know before you realized that the really don't care aboutwell all of the things that we do? You thought that while they were laughing at the booger their idiot friend just flicked across the room something deeper was stirring in their mind It just had to beI'm not sure when it happens but at some point every woman finally realizes the fairly obvious truthMen aren't womenThat booger was the funniest thing ever and nothing was stirring around in them other than maybe some gasAnd that's okFart lighting and long distance loogie hawking contests aside they can pretty darn cool But this author was too young to realize thatMy personal opinion is that Mary was probably fairly sheltered when it came to real men She was a teenage girl apparently running around with a bunch of artsy fartsy dudes Much like today I would imagine these junior emos were probably blowing poetic smoke up her young ass in the high hopes of getting into her pantsAlthough it's possible I'm totally misreading the situationAnyway Frank tells his story and Sea Dog writes it all down for his sisterIn excruciating detailRivers flowers rocks mountain topsagonizingly cataloged And the weather? God forbid a breeze blows through the story without at least a paragraph devoted to the way it felt on his skin or affected his moodAnd speaking of Frankenstein's moodI don't think I've ever had the pleasure of reading about a character this spineless before What a pussy He didn't talk so much as he whinedAnd the swooningHe was like one of those freaking Fainting GoatsI can't even count how many times he blacked out and fell over Of course then he would get feverish and need a period of convalescence to recoverAgain every episode was recounted with incredible attention to detailI'm thrilled that I never had to miss a moment of his sweaty brow getting daubed with water Randomly Inserted Fun Fact The monster uoted Milton in Paradise Lost Shockingly I only know this because it was in the appendix and not because I have any real life experience with reading that one Was this the most painfully unnecessary book I've read this year?YesIs there a deeper moral to this story?YesSome would say that the monster is a product of a society that refuses to accept someone who is different Or maybe that Victor Frankenstein was the real monster for not realizing that he had a duty to parent and care for his creation? Perhaps it is meant to point out our obsession with perfection and our willingness to disregard people who don't meet the standards of beauty as non human?Some might say any of those things I however learned a far different lesson from FrankensteinAnd it's thisTrust no oneNot even someone who just an example has been your Best Friend for decades Let's read a classic Anne It'll be fun Anne We can call each other with updates Anne It'll be just like a book club Anne Tee heeLiar liar Pants on fireI read this whole God awful book and you uit after 10 pages I'm telling your momAnywayHere's the uote that sums up my experience with Frankenstein Blah blah blahin all the misery I imagined and dreaded I did not conceive the hundredth part of the anguish I was destined to endure


  3. says:

    “I have love in me the likes of which you can scarcely imagine and rage the likes of which you would not believe If I cannot satisfy the one I will indulge the other” From the 1994 movieThe worst thing about this novel is how distorted it has become by constant movie adaptations and misinformed ideas about the nature of Frankenstein and his monster For years like many others I thought Frankenstein was the name of that slightly green dude with the bolts in his neck Nuh uhDid Frankenstein scare me? Did it have me staying awake and sleeping with the light on jumping at every slight creak in the house? Was I terrified of the monster and technology and the dangers of playing God? No Because the beauty of this story is that it isn't the one so many people think it is Which is almost my favourite thing about it This book is not a Halloween kind of story with Halloween kind of monsters This story is heartbreakingly sad “once I falsely hoped to meet the beings who pardoning my outward form would love me for the excellent ualities which I was capable of unfolding” The book offers many interesting avenues of philosophical exploration if one wishes to ponder such things For example allusions to religion and Genesis possible criticisms of using science to play God and the relationship between creator and creation All of these things interest me yes but it is the painfully human part of this book that has always so deeply affected me Because the sad thing the really sad thing is that pretty much everyone has heard of Frankenstein's monster but so many don't know how human the character is Created as a scientific experiment by an overly ambitious man he comes into a frightening and hostile world that immediately rejects him on sight Even the man who made him cannot look upon his creation without feeling horror It's that same thing that gets me in books every time things could have been so different If people had just been a little less judgmental a little less scared and a little understanding This being created from different parts of corpses seeks love and finds hatred so he instead decides to embrace it Fuelled by his own rage at the unfairness of the world he gradually turns towards evil He belongs in my own little mental category with the likes of Heathcliff and Erik aka The Phantom of the Opera Scared angry villains who were made so by their own unfortunate circumstances The kind of characters you simultaneously hate and love but most of all hope they find some kind of peaceSo call it science fiction if you want Call it horror if you must But this story is brimming with some of the most realistic and almost unbearably moving human emotion that I have ever readBlog | Leafmarks | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Tumblr


  4. says:

    No stars That's right Zero zip nadaIt's been almost 30 years since I've detested a book this much I didn't think anything could be worse then Kafka's The Metamorphosis Seems I'm never too old to be wrong This time I don't have the excuse that I was forced to read this for high school lit class Oh no this time I read this of my own volition and for fun Yeah fun Kinda like sticking bamboo shoots between my fingernails type of fun Watching paint dry fun Going to an Air Supply concert funOK to be fair I need to tell you what I liked about thisWell Mary Shelley was a teen when she wrote this Color me impressed At 19 I was just looking for my next college boyfriend not penning the great English classic Kudos to Mary for thatOtherwise I can't think of anything to admire in this book apart from the fact that it's the only book in my reading history where I actually noted EVERY SINGLE PAGE NUMBER and mentally counted down the time I'd be finishedWhy did I persist you may ask? Well at the point where the pain became mind numbing I decided to channel my inner John McCain and just survive the torture Figured it would make me a better stronger reader Might even make me enjoy a re read of Breaking Dawnwell no it wouldn't but you get the idea Frankenstein is a classic alright A classic melodrama Complete with a wimpy vaporish trembling prima donna main character and a pseudo monster whose only sin is being uglier then Bernie Madoff in cell block D After the upteenth tremblejerkgaspfaintstart from our mad scientist Victor Frankenstein I could only sign in relief that he wasn't a Rabbi about to perform a bris circumcism oy veyWere we supposed to be outraged at the monster's killing spree? By the books end I was merely miffed that the creature murdered the wrong Frankenstein sibling He would have saved himself a good deal of traveling and saved me a good deal of suffering had he snuffed out his maker before he could high tail it out of the birthing roomI'm sure that the fans of this book will say that I didn't understand the deeper symbolic nuances of this book and I'm sure that they are right At this point in my life all I know is what I like and don't like in a book and as far as I'm concerned this book is unadulterated mind numbing crap But that's just me Your mileage will vary as I sincerely hope it does As for my own mileage it can best be compared to driving a Ford Pinto in the Indy 500EDITDue to the efforts of a few Kool ade drinking trolls who have gotten their big girlbig boy panties in a wad over an almost 200 year old book and can't comment nicely on my review I am suspending all future commentsDon't like it? Blame the navel grazing trolls for not accepting the concept of a PERSONAL OPINION


  5. says:

    Some books teach you something new each time you revisit them I picked up the tragically wonderful Frankenstein for a fourth time this week and I was totally mesmerised by the descriptive language used to describe the natural world In all my previous readings I focused on all the classic tropes of man and monster though I never considered the importance of the serene beauty that surrounds the story The natural world dominates the background of the novel It’s there like a pervading monster that lingers in the darkest reaches of the mind What struck me most about it was the fact that both Victor and his creation long for a real life a life where one is truly alive And they both ponder what this means at length reaching the same conclusion to go completely nomad They both wish to live a life free of burden and complications no money no commitments and no responsibility They just want to be totally free in the wilderness with the ultimate goal of finding happiness by looking after their most immediate and natural desires And for me this says a great deal about society not just the society in which this was written but society in general how many of us feel truly alive? Original Review Let’s have a party Victor Let’s get together and celebrate all things Gothic and dark and wonderful Let’s have it in an attic in an old house in the middle of a thunderstorm and then afterwards let’s go to the graveyard with our shovels and our body bags Sounds good doesn’t it Victor? We could then create our own doppelgängers from the corpses of criminals and geniuses Then we can abandon our marvellous creation to fend for itself with his childlike innocence and then wonder why it goes so horribly wrong and blows up in our faces AhhVictor you silly brilliant man On second thought we probably shouldn’t have that party Because if we did it would end in blood Yes lots of blood the blood of everyone you love the blood of all your family Victor You blame the monster but you are his creator You should have taught him the ways of the world and guided his first steps The things you two could have accomplished together So I ask you this Victor who is the real monster? Is it the creature that has gone on a murderous rampage or it you? You are the man who played at god and was horrified at the conseuence You judged your creation by his physical appearance which was a reflection of your vain soul AhhVictor you silly brilliant man Surely you don’t wonder why the monster revenged himself upon you? “I ought to be thy Adam but I am rather the fallen angel”Indeed the real monster of this novel is Victor Frankenstein and not his monstrous creation The creature is a monster on the outside but Victor is on the inside which is a form much worse By abandoning the creature he has taught him to become what his appearance is The first human experience he receives is rejection based upon his physicality His own creator recoils in disgust from him He cannot be blamed for his actions if all he has been taught is negative emotion he will only respond in one way He is innocent and childlike but also a savage brute These are two things that should never be put together Woe to Victor Frankenstein’s family “There is love in me the likes of which you've never seen There is rage in me the likes of which should never escape If I am not satisfied in the one I will indulge the other”Mary Shelley raises uestions of the danger of knowledge and shows a probable conseuence of trying to play god; the novel portrays nineteen century fears for the rising field of science and knowledge and uestions how far it could go Indeed in this case Victor takes on the role of a God by creating new life She also shows us what can happen to a man if he so driven by this thirst for knowledge and how it will ultimately lead to a fall Victor reminds me somewhat of Doctor Faustus The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus in this regard Faustus is a man who sold his soul to Lucifer for unlimited knowledge in the form of arcane magic Victor like Faustus has stopped at nothing to gain his goal but in the end is ultimately dissatisfied with the result Suffice to say I simply adore this book as you may have gathered from my ramblings I think this alongside Dracula are amongst the strongest representations of Gothic literature Further I have a real soft spot for epistolary means of storytelling I’m not sure why perhaps it’s the stronger sense of intimacy you fell with the characters as you see their words on the page rather than an impartial narrators You see inside their heads and understand their motifs and feelings My favourite uote This was then the reward of my benevolence I had saved a human being from destruction and as a recompense I now writhed under the miserable pain of a wound which shattered the flesh and bone The feelings of kindness and gentleness which I had entertained but a few moments before gave place to hellish rage and gnashing of teeth Inflamed by pain I vowed eternal hatred and vengeance to all mankind Listen to the passion to the intellect and witness such a wasted opportunity Victor you’re a silly silly manYou can connect with me on social media via My Linktree


  6. says:

    It's been fifty years since I had read Frankenstein and now—after a recent second reading—I am pleased to know that the pleasures of that first reading have been revived Once again just as it was in my teens I was thrilled by the first glimpse of the immense figure of the monster driving his sled across the arctic ice and marveled at the artful use of narrative frames within frame each subseuent frame leading us closer to the heart of the novel until we hear the alienated yet articulate voice of the creature himself In addition I admired the eually artful way the novel moves backward through the same frames until we again reach the arctic landscape which is the scene of the novel's beginningand its endThis time through I was particularly struck with how Mary must have been influenced by the novels of her father The relentless hounding of one man by another who feels his life has been poisoned by that man's irresponsible curiosity is a theme taken straight out of Godwin's Caleb Williams and the cautionary account of a monomaniac who gradually deprives himself of the satisfactions of family friends and love in pursuit of an intellectual ideal is reminiscent of the alchemist of St Leon Her prose also is like her father's in her ability to make delicate philosophical distinctions and express abstract ideas but she is a much better writer than he her sentences are elegant and disciplined and her descriptive details aptly chosen and her scenes effectively realizedThe conclusion of the novel seems hasty and incomplete but perhaps that is because the concept of Frankenstein is so revolutionary that no conclusion could have seemed satisfactory At any rate this fine novel has given birth to a host of descendants and—unlike Victor Frankenstein—is a worthy parent of its many diverse creations


  7. says:

    This was awesome I listened to an audiobook on YouTube as it is under the public domain You can find it here It was great The narrator did a great job of building the atmosphere and excitement in the story I always love reading the original stories behind some very iconic pop culture figures Frankenstein is obviously incredibly popular It was great to read and do a little bit of a personal independent study on major nerd here The perfect Halloween read


  8. says:

    Don’t get why everyone spends so much time talking about “the theme of science versus nature” and how this is “the world’s first science fiction novel” when clearly this is the world’s pre eminent text on the subject of the dire conseuences of procrastinationBut whateverThis book rulesFirst off it’s very funny to imagine old timey 1800s people being scared by this It’s in the same vein as thinking of that urban legend about the people who watched the first movie screaming when the train races toward them “AAAAAH I AM IN A THEATER BUT I’M ABOUT TO GET HIT BY A TRAIN HERE IT COMES TELL MY WIFE I LOVE HER”I highly recommend reading it through that lens Just thinking about that original audience who thought this was a horror “Oh my stars A creature of most unholy origin I daren’t think of it” IdiotsAgain I digressThis is so beautifully written It really forces you to slow down and take the story in just so you don’t miss a gorgeous line which in turn makes you appreciate how many great and beautifully executed themes there are at playCount me impressedBut again I’m mostly just thinkin’ bout how #relatable Frankenstein isAnd also the fact that I can Finally I can be one of those assholes who’s like “Frankenstein is the SCIENTIST not the monster”I’m living the dreamBottom line This is nonstop fun and everyone should have read read it currently reading updatescan already relate to victor frankenstein as i too create massive problems and then avoid dealing with them until the repercussions threaten to destroy my life and even then am kinda like ok but do i have to


  9. says:

    REREAD UPDATE September 2018One of my bookclubs Click to check out Reading List Completists is reading this for September 2018 I figure it was a good time for a reread since it was one of my favorites and it has been over 20 years since I read it I did enjoy it again this time and it stands up to the 5 star review and designation of classic There were a few slow parts mainly when Dr Frankenstein would stop the narrative to wax poetical about something but not enough t take a way from my overall enjoymentI still recommend this for everyone and be sure to check out my full original review belowORIGINAL REVIEWThis is definitely one of my favorite books I was reuired to read in High School Also it is my favorite of the classic horror novels It is perfectly written suspenseful and is a bit thought provoking than scary One of the best ways I can compare it to other classic horror novels is to Dracula which I read recently Dracula has so much repetitive filler that you do not find in Frankenstein which is the main reason I find Frankenstein to be a enjoyable bookAlso I would say that this is a novel of the human condition than an actual horror novel Some terrifying things happen but it is the monster within all of us that may end up being terrifying Funny side story when I read this in High School it was around the same time that the Kenneth Branaugh adaptation came out at the theaters We were all encouraged to go see it and found it pretty close to the source material What was amusing was that Time Magazine had a review of the movie bashing it as untrue to the source material and how disappointed Shelley would be that the Boris Karlovian depiction of a lurching flattop monster with bolts in its neck was ignored for a serious drama movie WHAT? Time Magazine for goodness sakes published an article that claims to know the content of the book but is completely wrong and does it while bashing a movie that did a pretty good job with it? I mean it it is okay if you prefer the old time movie version of Frankenstein and it is a classic but to make definitive statements that are completely wrong in what is supposed to be a well thought of publication not your typical tabloid supermarket checkout fodder that is just too muchWe need a copy editor over here


  10. says:

    The anecdote is legendary Mary Shelley a teenager at the time was spending a vacation in Switzerland with her fiancé Percy Shelley their mutual friend Lord Byron and a few other people Was the weather gloomy that summer of 1816? Were the companions bored to death? For amusement one evening they challenged each other into writing the scariest ghost story they could come up with No one remembers what the fellows wrote on that occasion Everyone has at least heard of the creation of the young woman and the misfortunes of Victor FrankensteinSince then and mainly since the invention of cinema a few decades later what was only meant to be a chilling yet entertaining story rose to the dimensions of a myth So much so that the original novel itself has been covered up by layer upon layer of external imagery which has very little to do with it — in particular the heavily made up face of Boris Karloff in the 1931 unfaithful film adaptation of this book Nowadays there are all sorts of adaptations eg Kenneth Branagh’s movie with De Niro parodies Mel Brook’s Young Frankenstein being a famous one and probably even porn versionsHowever Mary Shelley’s novel is not so much about ghosts or monsters as it is a meditation on the Biblical theme of Creation and Fall Naturally the idea of creating a living being — using some human techniue instead of natural reproduction — comes from the 16th century Jewish narrative of the Golem of Prague Just as noticeable is the sheer amount of subtle hints and overt references to Milton’s Paradise Lost The “daemon” rejected from the start like an ugly duckling learns to read with a copy of this book seriously? Take it as you will Frankenstein is a brilliant and existential reverie on the theme of God and Satan Frankenstein and the “daemon” Adam and Eve Frankenstein and Elizabeth the monster and the potential lady monsterAnother striking aspect of Frankenstein’s narrative is the Russian dolls nested structure of the tales first Captain Walton’s letters which frame the whole novel then Victor Frankenstein’s account and finally a tale within the tale the “daemon”’s story This echoes back to the One Thousand and One Nights to which Mary Shelley might have had access through Antoine Galland’s translation into French — perhaps she had a copy of the Grub Street edition or the Jonathan Scott translation of Galland into English I do not know Also Safie’s story around the middle of the novel another embedded tale within a tale has clear oriental undertonesIt has been said over and over that Mary Shelley’s book might have been the first Science Fiction novel This is a bit of a stretch since there is not much science or technology to speak of in Frankenstein apart from a few mentions of Paracelsus and a couple of other alchemists and astrologers The minor references to electricity magnetism and galvanism were in the spirit of the times but Michael Faraday who would soon bring significant breakthroughs in these fields was about the same age as the precocious author of FrankensteinThe way I see it the presence of electromagnetism is not only a reference to the myth of Prometheus and the stolen fire but is also linked to a pervasive and typically Romantic fascination with landscapes now sunny beautiful and pleasant now stormy sublime and menacing ghastly thunderbolts ripping the clouds apart Mary Shelley had a few predecessors in this field — Coleridge is uoted than a few times in her novel — but that sort of imagery was by and large a novelty at the time It might be interesting to note that while Mary Shelley was writing Frankenstein Caspar David Friedrich was painting his famous Wanderer above the Sea of Fog see below This obsession with ominous landscapes would soon become a trope within the Gothic literary traditionIt has also been alleged that Frankenstein was at the inception of the modern Horror genre years before Bram Stoker's Dracula However the general impression when reading Mary Shelley's book is not so much a feeling of terror conveyed to the reader as a Romantic and uite often bombastic expression of strong emotions on the part of the narrators despair anguish despondency melancholy misery wretchedness affliction are words that come back again and again under Mary Shelley’s pen All this might have been sincerely felt by Mary herself who had gone through a few hardships in her life Moreover both Frankenstein and the monster go from bad to worse throughout this tragic novel However to a modern reader this accumulation of epithets probably feels uaint affected and difficult to relate to I for my part found this unrestrained schmaltzy and emphatic tone rather tediousTo conclude while I found Mary Shelley to be of a typical Romantic figure than a prophet of Horror or Science Fiction I will gladly concede that she has probably been a significant inspiration to crime mystery novels such as Stevenson’s Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and later avatars of serial killers on a murderous rampage It has probably also exerted a strong influence on scary adventure stories such as Poe’s Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym Wells’ Island of Doctor Moreau or Lovecraft’s At the Mountains of Madness It might in the present day become once a significant source of inspiration as humanity is possibly on the verge of creating new forms of sentient and intelligent beings AI cyborgs etc out of GMO silicon or some weird combination of the two Edit The recent Mary Shelley biopic 2017 by Aifaa al Mansour with the excellent Elle Fanning is primarily a romance recounting the complicated situation in which the young woman met her husband and how she got to write her masterpiece The portrayals of Percy Shelley and Lord Byron are rather unflattering to say the least Second edit Recent rewatch after releasing his box office hit Bram Stocker’s Dracula 1992 Francis Ford Coppola riding the wave of success embarked on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein 1994 directed by Kenneth Branagh at the time a young and acclaimed director of Shakespeare adaptations The cast of this movie is imposing De Niro Branagh Hulce Bonham Carter Holm Cleese all at the top of their game The screenplay written by Frank Darabont who would later develop The Walking Dead TV show is for the most part faithful to Mary Shelley’s novel However while Coppola’s Dracula was darkly luxurious and decadent the style of Branagh’s Frankenstein is loud and vehement at times stomach churning or downright laughable Well worth a shot anyway